John Hume was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1998 for his efforts to bring peace to Northern Ireland after decades of conflict. The Norwegian Nobel Committee decided to award the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize to John Hume and David Trimble for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland. One of them was the Catholic leader of the moderate Social Democratic and Labour Party, John Hume, considered by many to be the main architect of the peace agreement. After joining the Northern Ireland civil rights movement in the late 1960s, he was convinced that nationalism was a diminishing force in the new Europe. It believes that Northern Ireland needs greater autonomy, with powers reasonably distributed among the people: better relations must be established between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, as well as between London and Dublin. Hume devoted a lot of energy to involving IRA leader Gerry Adams and the British government in the negotiations. In 1998, Tony Blair announced a new judicial inquiry, the Bloody Sunday Inquiry, into the murder of 13 unarmed civil rights activists in Derry in 1972. An earlier investigation, the Widgery court, into the same event had been discredited. During the debate in the House of Commons, Trimble was one of the few dissenting voices. He said: «I am sorry to have to tell the Prime Minister that I think the hope expressed by the honourable MP for Foyle [John Hume] that this will be part of the healing process will probably not be in his place. Opening old wounds like this will likely be more unfortunate than beneficial. The basic facts of the situation are known and are not controversial.  Saville`s 2010 investigation confirmed that the 13 homicides and 13 injuries were unjustified.  Trimble began his career in the 1970s as a professor of law at Queen`s University of Belfast, during which he began to engage with the Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party.
Elected to the Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention in 1975, he joined the UUP in 1978, after the dissolution of the VPUP.  He remained at Queen`s University and continued his academic career until he was elected MP for Upper Bann in 1990. In 1995, he was unexpectedly elected president of the UUP.  He played an important role in the negotiations that led to the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 and this year (with John Hume) won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts. He was later elected First Minister of Northern Ireland, although his term was hectic and often interrupted by disagreements over the timing of the closure of the Commissional Irish Republican Army. The Norwegian Nobel Committee expresses the hope that the foundations that are being laid today will not only lead to lasting peace in Northern Ireland, but will also serve to encourage peaceful solutions to other religious, ethnic and national conflicts around the world. John Hume, a prominent architect of Northern Ireland`s Good Friday peace agreement, died on Monday at the age of 83, his Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) announced. «The death of John Hume represents the loss of Ireland`s most important and heaviest political figure in the twentieth century,» SDLP leader Colum Eastwood said in a statement. «This is a historic moment on this island, but above all it is a moment of deep sadness.» Civil rights activist Hugh Logue and MPs John Hume and Ivor Cooper left British troops after a peaceful protest in Londonderry in August 1971. Credit:AP Over the past thirty years, the national, religious and social conflict in Northern Ireland has claimed the lives of more than 3500 people. John Hume has always been Northern Ireland`s clearest and most consistent political leader in his work for a peaceful solution.